Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy and Its Treatment
Pregnancy is a profound and emotionally charged experience, filled with the anticipation of new life and the dreams of a growing family. As a testament to the incredible strength of mothers-to-be, this journey is not without its challenges. Amid the exhilaration, however, there may exist many unexpected situations or conditions, like the criticality of low blood pressure during pregnancy.
The majority of women have low blood pressure, which lasts for the first 24 weeks of the pregnancy. Low blood pressure develops as more blood is rerouted to the fetus. If you encounter pregnancy low blood pressure, you are advised to see a doctor on a regular basis and to undergo all recommended tests to ensure that no condition is left untreated that could harm the mother or the fetus.
What do we understand by normal blood pressure in pregnancy?
Blood pressure during pregnancy is an indicator of both the mother’s and the baby’s health. Doctors will use the numbers to help diagnose any underlying issues or potential complications. The systolic reading (during heart contraction) is always the top number on the device and is less than 120 over 80—120 millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
The lower number on the device is the diastolic reading (when the heart is at rest between beats), which is 80 mmHg. Anything less than this is considered a low reading, but this may be normal for many people.
A doctor will typically diagnose low blood pressure when the reading is greater than 60 mmHg.
What causes low blood pressure in pregnancy?
Pregnancy changes a woman’s body as it adapts to the effort required to create a baby. This is why it is critical for pregnant women to see their doctor on a regular basis throughout their pregnancy. Blood pressure varies slightly according to a woman’s energy, nervousness, lifestyle, and stress levels. Blood pressure can also rise and fall depending on the time of day.
During the first 24 weeks of pregnancy, a woman’s blood pressure may be lower. This is most likely due to the circulatory system expanding blood vessels to allow blood flow to the uterus.
Other factors may also contribute to low blood pressure levels during pregnancy. This may include the following:
- Allergy symptoms
- Malnutrition as a result of prolonged bed rest
- Anaemia caused by internal bleeding
- Heart problems
- Endocrine problems
Symptoms of low blood pressure symptoms in pregnancy
Low blood pressure can commence in a variety of ways. They are as follows:
- Fainting after quickly standing up
- Impaired vision (blurry or double vision)
- Shortness of breath Feeling thirsty even after drinking water
What effects might low blood pressure have during pregnancy?
Low blood pressure has an indirect rather than direct effect on pregnancy. Due to exhaustion and shortness of breath, the pregnant mother may faint and fall, resulting in internal bleeding and injury to the baby, resulting in irreversible damage to the fetus.
Low blood pressure in pregnancy may slow the rate at which the fetus receives a steady supply of blood. It can also lead to brain disruption of the fetus and, in rare cases, stillbirth.
Low blood pressure in early pregnancy
During the initial phases of pregnancy, the occurrence of low blood pressure introduces a nuanced dimension to the maternal experience. As the body undergoes notable physiological transformations, the confluence of emotional fluctuations is accompanied by the challenge of managing symptoms such as dizziness and fatigue associated with diminished blood pressure.
Expectant mothers, navigating this delicate juncture with a unique blend of anticipation and vulnerability, find themselves adjusting to the subtle intricacies of their evolving physiological state. The interplay between the profound joy of impending motherhood and the variances in blood pressure creates a narrative marked by resilience and maternal determination. In this early stage, maternal fortitude manifests as an unwavering commitment to embracing the intricacies of pregnancy with poise and steadfast dedication.
Risks of low blood pressure during pregnancy
- Low blood pressure is common during pregnancy. However, if you have significant symptoms of low blood pressure, you should notify the doctor.
- Low blood pressure can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy in some cases.
- This is especially concerning if your blood pressure drops unexpectedly or rapidly.
- A fertilized egg grows outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes, in this type of pregnancy.
Treatment for low blood pressure in pregnancy
Most of the time, no special treatment is required to treat low blood pressure during pregnancy because blood pressure returns to normal after the third trimester.
In a few cases, depending on the nature and gestation period, a few medications are recommended to treat the underlying cause of the drop in blood pressure. Anaemia and hormone boosters are among them. Vitamin B-12 can aid in the resolution of anaemia and the restoration of full blood cell function.
Some of the other treatment options for low blood pressure in pregnancy are as follows:
- Diet: Eating shorter yet nutritious meals can help pregnant women maintain a healthy blood pressure level. Consuming fruits and vegetables that contain high levels of vitamins and minerals can help prevent episodes of low blood pressure.
- Exercise: Exercise can have a considerable impact on the body’s ability to regulate hypotension. However, a small number of patients may experience dizziness and fatigue.
- Adequate rest and systemic breathing: Pregnant women and their caregivers must be aware of the condition and the potential for blood pressure fluctuations during pregnancy. As a result, the patient should avoid making any sudden/jerky movements after lying down/sleeping or sitting for an extended period of time.
- Liquids: In pregnant women, dehydration is a major cause of low blood pressure. Green tea and liquids can help alleviate pregnancy symptoms such as vomiting and nausea.
Want to understand more about the effects of low blood pressure during pregnancy?
Consult our specialist Gynaecologist in Dubai, Dr Pranjali
Pregnancy can be an exciting and overwhelming experience for any woman, but it’s important to stay informed about potential health concerns. Low blood pressure during pregnancy is a common issue that many women face, and consulting with a gynaecologist like Dr Pranjali Singh can provide valuable insight and guidance. With her expertise and advice, you can better understand the effects of low blood pressure on your pregnancy and how to manage it effectively.
Feel free to seek professional help when it comes to your health during this special time in your life.